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June 30, 1854 Treaty between the United States of America and the Mexican Republic Relative to Boundary Line, Transit of Persons, Etc., Across the Isthmus of Tehuantepec
The June 30, 1854, Gadsden Purchase, or Treaty, was an agreement between the United States and Mexico, finalized in 1854, in which the United States agreed to pay Mexico $10 million for a 29,670 square mile portion of Mexico that later became part of Arizona and New Mexico. Gadsden's Purchase provided the land necessary for a southern transcontinental railroad and attempted to resolve conflicts that lingered after the Mexican-American War (1845-1848).
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"1854, June 30 - Gadsen Purchase-Treaty" (2017). US Government Treaties and Reports. 9.