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March 3, 1851 Act to ascertain and settle the private Land Claims in the State of California.
This Act enacted to ascertain and settle private land claims for land in the newly formed State of California, which land had been acquired by means of Spanish-Mexican land grants. The Act established a land commission consisting of three commissioners and an agent appointed by the President of the United States. The act set for procedures for claimants to present their claims. Patents were to be issued for lands when claims were confirmed. All claims confirmed were to be accurately surveyed. All lands for which claims were not established were to be taken as public lands. The commissioners were to report to the Secretary of Interior the tenure by which mission lands were held and those held by civilized Indians, and those who were engaged in agriculture or labor of any kind, and those that were occupied and cultivated by Pueblos or Rancheros Indians.
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"1851, March 3 - 09 Stat. 631, Act to Settle Private Land Claims in California" (2016). US Government Legislation and Statutes. 7.