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Remote Sensing


This study developed a new atmospheric correction algorithm, GeoNEX-AC, that is independent from the traditional use of spectral band ratios but dedicated to exploiting information from the diurnal variability in the hypertemporal geostationary observations. The algorithm starts by evaluating smooth segments of the diurnal time series of the top-of-atmosphere (TOA) reflectance to identify clear-sky and snow-free observations. It then attempts to retrieve the Ross-Thick–Li-Sparse (RTLS) surface bi-directional reflectance distribution function (BRDF) parameters and the daily mean atmospheric optical depth (AOD) with an atmospheric radiative transfer model (RTM) to optimally simulate the observed diurnal variability in the clear-sky TOA reflectance. Once the initial RTLS parameters are retrieved after the algorithm’s burn-in period, they serve as the prior information to estimate the AOD levels for the following days and update the surface BRDF information with the new clear-sky observations. This process is iterated through the full time span of the observations, skipping only totally cloudy days or when surface snow is detected. We tested the algorithm over various Aerosol Robotic Network (AERONET) sites and the retrieved results well agree with the ground-based measurements. This study demonstrates that the high-frequency diurnal geostationary observations contain unique information that can help to address the atmospheric correction problem from new directions.


Published in Remote Sensing by MDPI. Available via doi: 10.3390/rs14040964.

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