Document Type

Capstone Project

Degree Name

Bachelor of Science (B.S.)


Science & Environmental Policy


As the population along our nation's coastline continues to increase, greater demands are placed on potable water supplies. In response to this and the contamination of groundwater and surface water due to pollution, communities such as the Monterey Peninsula are looking for alternatives to alleviate water supply problems. However, the development of new water supplies can be costly and have adverse environmental impacts. Through an extensive literature review and communication with experts in their respective fields, recommendations are made as to the best options available to meet current water demands without the development of new water supplies. An emphasis is placed on the use of recycled water to supplement freshwater. Increased conservation of water supplies through ordinances, taxes, and public education can provide significant reductions in water usage. Aquifer storage and recovery projects can serve to decrease groundwater withdrawals and surface diversions during dry periods. With further improvements in treatment technology and continued research on the health effects, recycled water can provide a significant source of urban water supply in the future. Through rethinking watershed management we can have a safe sustainable water supply and a viable economy.


Capstone Project (B.S.) Division of Science and Environmental Policy