Document Type

Capstone Project (Open Access)

Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts (B.A.)


Liberal Studies


Liberal Studies

First Advisor

Patty Whang


The focus of this Capstone Project is on addressing the struggle for special needs students with online learning. The Covid-19 Pandemic has impacted 100% of learners forced into online learning. Students with special needs were also required to follow this same model of learning on their own. However, the challenge for these students is they were previously used to having constant assistance from their teachers and paraeducators with every task they did in the classroom. With online learning generally leaving students with special needs without needed support, they have been struggling. Some families have been trying to be their support at home, but with little outreach or support, this has made it even more difficult for these students. According to the scholarly literature, students with special needs require differentiated methods of instruction to fully engage and benefit from instruction. While it has been no choice to conduct online learning for special needs students at home, an argument has been made that lack of equity has contributed to the challenge to participate at all in online learning. Upon interviewing two special education teachers and one family member of a special needs student, three themes emerged as ways to address the issue presented. Based on the data, an action was chosen as the most effective option to assist special needs students and their families as they are continuing to learn through distance learning.