Document Type

Capstone Project (Open Access)

Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts (B.A.)


Social, Behavioral & Global Studies


Social and Behavioral Sciences

First Advisor

Ruben Mendoza


This capstone project examines the ways the lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, intersex, and asexual (LGBTQIA+) community is portrayed in Japanese and American animation and the differences or similarities the portrayals share. My methodology for this study includes a qualitative method. The qualitative research conducted for this capstone project involves a content analysis of three American animated series and three Japanese animated series. Two to three episodes were analyzed for each series, consisting of fifteen episodes altogether. This study will draw on Queer theory to examine and highlight how queer identities and culture are depicted in the two different forms of animation. This capstone project aims to analyze and understand how this form of media represents queerness. This research finds that LGBTQIA+ representation in anime included sob stories and tokenism but lacked representation of queer relationships. While subversive humor, portrayals of casual queerness, and representation of setbacks were present in American animation.