Document Type

Capstone Project (Open Access)

Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts (B.A.)


Social, Behavioral & Global Studies



First Advisor

George Baldwin

Second Advisor

Tolga Tezcan


This capstone aims to study the gender differences within Latino communities from the perspective of California State University, Monterey Bay students and whether these gender differences affect their ethnic identity/pride. This research intends on exploring two questions 1) Are there gender differences among college-going students and the way they are socialized to understand their ethnic identity? 2) If so, Are the respondents' ethnic identity index score and Familism index scores influenced based on their gender? These research questions will be tested by a convenience sample survey by two replicated survey scales. The first replicated study involved surveying 127 Latino adults about four cultural Familism subtopics (Familial support, honor, connection, and obedience to family rules). The other replicated survey scale was designed to measure participants' ethnic identity index scores. The purpose of this research is to understand how influential gender differences and other factors such as cultural and racial-ethnic socialization messages affect ethnic identity/pride within Latino communities.