Master's Thesis (Open Access)
Master of Arts (M.A.)
Students with learning disabilities (LDs) often struggle to learn and maintain multiplication automaticity. This research looked at using the computer-based instruction (CBI) program, XtraMath, as an intervention to increase multiplication automaticity for students with LDs. Five fifth-grade students who have math goals stated in their Individual Education Plans (IEPs) were participants in this study. A multiple-baseline-across-participants single-case AB design was conducted to determine the impact XtraMath had on automaticity of multiplication facts (0-9) shown by digits correct per minute (DC/M). Each participant entered the intervention phase (i.e., phase B) separately and provided hard data by completing a two-minute, pencil and paper multiplication probe to show if there was any growth. Data revealed each participant increased their mean DC/M from their mean DC/M in baseline. However, the intervention was effective for only two of the five participants as shown by their non-overlapping data percentages.
Barton, Sandra G., "Multiplication Automaticity for Students with Learning Disabilities" (2018). Capstone Projects and Master's Theses. 306.