Document Type

Capstone Project (Open Access)

Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts (B.A.)


Liberal Studies


This paper will go into detail on how standardized testing has affected low-income communities. The participants for this Capstone Project include a group of 26 fourth-grade students in a public elementary school from California’s Central Coast. When looking at test scores, they reflected the academic achievement of students. There has been an achievement gap when comparing school accountability report cards (SARC). Orozco created an alternative assessment method that can be used to replace the standardized test. Orozco’s findings evaluated if an alternative assessment method in mathematics could positively impacted low-income communities. The student’s performance to the alternative assessment method was equivalent to their SARC score which implied that Orozco’s alternative assessment was neither better nor worse than the standardized test. Orozco will use this Capstone Project to better assess her future students, and will build on her research of finding an alternative assessment method.