Document Type

Capstone Project (Open Access)

Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts (B.A.)


Liberal Studies


Liberal Studies

First Advisor

Patty Whang


The focus of this Capstone Project was on how waste and waste reduction could positively impact a community. Waste reduction is an important issue because the negative impacts of waste affect the whole planet. By educating Monterey Gnome School (MGS) about waste, changes in daily habits are intended to result in lasting change. An evidence-based argument is offered that waste is a global issue that negatively impacts the earth's landmasses, oceans, and human health. Both MGS staff and students were interviewed and surveyed, as their perspectives provide unique aspects of thinking about waste issues. The themes that emerged from an analysis of the data indicated that labeling bins, composting and food waste, education with accountability would address the causes of waste on campus. These findings led to an action plan that helped stakeholders address waste reduction and make sustainable practices available at MGS. Labeling bins in order to sort waste, recycling, and other bins properly is argued to be the most effective way to achieve the goal of a waste reduction based school.