Document Type

Capstone Project

Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts (B.A.)


Liberal Studies


Standardized tests have become a centerpiece to education in the United States. Due to the importance of annual state standard tests, a battery of other tests has been created to measure student performance throughout the year. Often, these tests are not written at the appropriate reading level. When tests are written at too high or too low of a reading level, the test results do not adequately measure student progress. In this study, twelve fluency assessments from first, third, and fifth grade were assessed using a Flesch-Kincaid, Gunning-Fog and SMOG readability formulas to determine the tests' validity. The results assisted the Center for Reading Diagnostics and Instruction at California State University Monterey Bay by providing accurate reading levels for fluency passages.


Capstone Project (B.A.) Liberal Studies Department

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