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Computers & Security


The rapid development of technology and information systems has led to higher information security-related issues in an organization. The age of remote working (i.e., telecommuting) has further increased information security related incidents that need to be adequately addressed. This paper extends the protection motivation theory by drawing insights from organizational and institutional theory literature to examine how organizational culture and subcultures such as team culture impact information security compliance. The primary objective of this study is to understand the impact of the dimensions of organizational culture and team culture on employees’ perceived threats and coping motivation associated with information security compliance. The study applied structural equation modeling to analyze survey responses of 341 IT employees in the United States. The result of the study indicates that both organization and team culture impacts employees’ perception to appraise threat and coping, which in turn impacts behavioral intention to comply with information security policies. The findings of this study con- tribute to the information security compliance research by demonstrating the importance of developing an information security culture within an organization and its subgroups.


Published in Computers & Security by Elsevier Ltd. Available via doi: 10.1016/j.cose.2022.102774.

This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (

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