This version of the Constitution of Apatzingán was printed and distributed after Mexico won its independence from Spain. It contained 242 articles, divided into two parts. The first section contained articles pertaining to the acceptance of Catholicism, the authority of the people, equality before the law, the right to citizenship, and respect for civii rights and freedom. The second section dealt with routine issues regarding the establishment of provinces, sovereignty of Congress, a government and three-person executive branch, three government departments that included war, finance and administration. Ultimately, the Constitution was never implemented due to the defeat of Morelos in 1815.
The Plan of Iguala also known as The Plan of the Three Guarantees ("Plan Trigarante"), was a revolutionary proclamation promulgated on 24 February 1821, in the final stage of the Mexican War of Independence from Spain. It sealed the alliance of two groups - the insurgents under Vicente Guerrero and Guadalupe Victoria with the regular army under the command of a former Spanish lieutenant, Agustin de Iturbde. The Plan praised the work of Spain in the Americas but argued that Mexico was prepared for self-government under a constitutional monarchy and provided that Catholicism would be the religion of the nation, the Creoles and those born in Spain would be treated the same way, and a new army was to be created.
The first constitution enacted in Mexico was on October 4, 1824. After Emperor Augustine fell in 1923, Mexicans were divided between a strong central government and a union of strong states (federalism). Federalist won electing a constitutional Congress that reflected their ideas. The Constitution was abolished twice, first in 1836 and again in 1844 but was reinstated a number of times. In 1857, Mexico a new Constitution was enacted.
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