Download Full Text (48.9 MB)
California missions and missionaries
Volume II was a general accounting of the missions and missionaries in Upper California. Section I addressed the establishment and administration of the missions by Fr. Junípero Serra. Section II covered the administration of Fr. Fermín Francisco de Lasuén and Fr. Estevan Tapis. The author posited that the real object of the conquest and occupation of Alta California was not the establishment of the Catholic faith in California but rather to fund expeditions and secure the land from the Russians and others who were making expeditions in the region. Engelhardt's evidence was the fact that the Spanish government seized and controlled, doling out only a pittance to the missionaries, the Pious Fund (established by donations to be used for purely missionary purposes). This left the missions in Lower California having to contribute to the Upper California missions from their scare supplies. It was anticipated that the northern missions would be agricultural and stock-raising communities. Additionally the Spanish government sought to insure its claim on California by means of white colonies populated by Catalonian volunteers. This volume concludes with the beginning of the Mexican rebellion against Spain.
Arts and Humanities | Education | Law | Life Sciences | Social and Behavioral Sciences
"1912 - The Missions and Missionaries of California, Vol. II, Upper California, Part I, General History, Zephyrin Engelhardt" (2019). Franciscan Publications. 9.