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The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo (Treaty of Peace, Friendship, Limits and Settlement with the Republic of Mexico) was signed by the United States and Mexico on February 2, 1848, ending the Mexican War and extending the boundaries of the United States by over 525,000 square miles
February 2, 1848 Treaty signed by the United States and Mexico ended the war between the United States and Mexico. In addition to establishing the Rio Grande as the border between the two countries, the territory acquired by the U.S. included what became the states of Texas, California, Nevada, Utah, most of New Mexico and Arizona, and parts of Colorado and Wyoming. Mexico received fifteen million dollars in compensation for the territory with the U.S. agreeing to assume claims from private citizens of these areas against the Mexican government.
Library of Congress, U.S. Congressional Documents and Debates, 1774 - 1875
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"1848, February 2 – Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo" (2016). US Government Treaties and Reports. 6.