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The January 13, 1847, surrender of California to the United States.
The treaty set forth the Articles of Capitulation made on January 13, 1847, between the United States and California. The California forces under the Mexican flag were to deliver up their artillery and public arms, return peaceably to their homes, conform to the laws of the United States and not take up arms during the war between the United States and Mexico. No Californian or other Mexican citizen was bound to take the oath of allegiance to the United States until a treaty had been signed between the United States and Republic of Mexico and that they were permitted to leave the country. The Californians were to have equal rights and privileges as those enjoyed by the citizens of the United States. An additional article added on January 16, 1847, provided for the release of all prisoners of both sides.
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"1847, January 12 - Treaty of Cahuenga" (2016). US Government Treaties and Reports. 7.