Original California Constitution
The original Constitution for California was adopted at the California Constitutional Convention on October 10, 1849, and ratified on November 13, 1849. The United States Congress in 1848 failed to set up any government for California either territorial or state, and adjourning early in 1849 without taking any action. BVT Brigadier-General Bennet Riley, then the Military Governor, issued a proclamation calling for the establishment of a state constitution or a territorial government. A new constitution was adopted in 1879.
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"1849 - California Constitution" (2019). Miscellaneous Documents and Reports. 108.