Document Type

Capstone Project (Open Access)

Degree Name

Bachelor of Science (B.S.)


Human Development & Family Science


Human Development & Family Science


This capstone project focuses on stress management for elementary school students. As there has been a rise in elementary school students' reports of stress, a longitudinal study examined daily school stress and coping strategies of elementary school children in the United States. The students were ages 7 to 11 years old and results highlight critical relations between students’ exposure to daily stress at school, their stress appraisals and future expectations, and usage of coping strategies (Sotardi, 2016). The students' ability to manage daily stress in productive, socially acceptable ways was reported to be restricted. This shows that students may not know what coping strategies to use when they are stressed. Some factors that can possibly contribute to children’s stress levels are that children spend the majority of the day going through difficult academic work, extracurricular activities, and trying to find new friends. Other factors can come from home where children can be experiencing economic stress, neglect, or verbal, physical, or mental abuse. According to many psychologists, pediatricians and health care providers, stress plays a major role in children’s physical, mental and social problems (Valizadeh, et al., 2012). Stress can be described as an anxious, worrying feeling. The biological effects of stress undermine children’s ability to concentrate, remember things, control and focus their own thinking (Thompson, 2014). Therefore, elementary school students need information about stress and stress management techniques. A set of three lessons on the same day was provided for elementary school students at Bay View Academy Charter School in Monterey. The expected participants for the service are elementary school students (8 to 10 years old). The three stress subtopics I am addressing in my project are how stress affects the body mentally and physically, how to get help when stressed, and what techniques to use for stress management.