Document Type

Capstone Project (Campus-Only Access)

Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts (B.A.)


Liberal Studies


Liberal Studies


In the U.S., standardized tests have become high stakes for English language learners (ELLs). With the No Child Left Behind legislation, along with Title I and III, students have to take the standardized tests even though they have little exposure to the English language. Through use of literature review, surveys and interviews with teachers and principals at the elementary school level, this senior capstone examines the effects of standardized tests on ELL. Research reveals that ELL students who are required to take standardized tests feel frustrated and stressful with a low level self-esteem. In addition, acquiring a second language takes time, dedication, and guidance from teachers and parents. It is important to note that ELL students’ needs must be met in order for them to participate in the standardized tests.

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