Document Type

Capstone Project (Campus-Only Access)

Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts (B.A.)


Music & Performing Arts


Music: Recording and Technology

First Advisor

Jeffrey Jones


Audio mixing theory applies both to studio and live mixing, but in practice the two contexts can be very different. Audio engineers in both fields use many of the same tools, such as EQ, dynamics, and audio effects, but the way the tools are used is often unique to each practice. This paper will use personal experience from 4 years of live sound engineering as well as testimonies from professional sound engineers and guidebooks written by said professionals to compare the two fields of audio mixing. The paper hopes to show that compared to studio mixing techniques, live mixing techniques are much more rooted in location and spatial cues. Studio mixing techniques are more likely to be universal across many different locations and spaces because completed studio mixes are played in a much larger variety of contexts than live mixes are. The paper will analyze two different mixing practices using information on how both practices use EQ, dynamic plugins, audio effects, and how the practices are similar/different from the artist’s perspective.

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